Web accessibility enables the access to information as well as to different types of content, since it reduces physical and technical frontiers remarkably .
There have been several initiatives during the last years to coordinate a series of guidelines with the purpose of improving web accessibility. Among all we them, we can highlight the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI), which is part of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This organization has developed the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 1.0, which aims to make content accessible for disabled users.
Apart from the WAI guidelines, which are considered de facto rules by the European Union, Public Administration web accessibility has a legal nature: in accordance with the Ley de Servicios de la Información y Comercio Electrónico, LSSICE (Information Service and Elecontronic Commerce Act), LEY 34/2002, de 11 de Julio entrando en vigor el 12 de Octubre de 2002 (Spanish Act 34/2002 of July 11, coming into effect on October 12, 2002), the NORMAS UNE (UNE Rules) EX 139801 and 139802 (+139803) must be applied. Together with this legal compulsory nature, the Ley Orgánica 4/2007 (Spanish Organic Act 4/2007), of April 12, which amends the Ley Orgánica 6/2001 (Spanish Organic Act 6/2001) of December 21, regarding Universities (LOU), establishes in its 24th supplementary regulation that every University building, premise and facility must be accessible for all people, including virtual spaces, as well as information services, procedures and provision.
Therefore, one of the core objectives of the UAM website is that every user is able to access its contents without any problem, regardless of any possible physical or technical disability.
For this purpose, we have studied the different functionalities of this website, in order for the user to access its contents with further skills. Among these abilities, we highlight:
• The HTML and CSS code used is adjusted to formal grammar to guarantee a correct content display in the different browsers.
• The website's visual characteristics (font type, size, color, etc.) are determined by the style sheets in order for the user to adjust the text to his/her preferences.
• The semantic structure and composition has been taken into account. Therefore, the content of the different templates has been organized taking into account section headings, lists, and every element that help the website's general understanding.
• Alternatives for multimedia content used in the website (video, flash, audio, etc.) have been provided for.
UAM Keyboard Shortcuts are:
The use of "access keys" or keyboard shortcuts is determined by the different browsers: