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Introduction

Introduction

The Programme of Doctorate in Pharmacology and Physiology (RD 99/2011) derives from the Programme of Doctorate RD1393/2007, with identical name, that obtained the Award to to Excellence form the Ministry of Education and Science in 2011 (ref MEE2011-0607). This previous programme was indeed the fusion of the respective Programmes of Doctorate RD778/1998 in Pharmacology (with the Award of Excellence since 2003; ref MCD2003-00223) and Physiology of the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid. Then, there is a previous long career pathway in training researchers with a high degree of excellence.

The reason for the Programme of Doctorate in Pharmacology and Physiology is based in two main aspects:

  1. There is a need for trained researchers in the area of Pharmacology and Physiology.
  2. The large experience in research and in training research personnel by the professors from the Departments of Pharmacology and Physiology, the Instituto Teófilo Hernando, and the laboratory of Nephology, Vascular Pathology and Hypertension (Fundación Jiménez-Díaz-UAM, Madrid), which are the nucleus of this Programme.

The Programme of Doctorate in Pharmacology and Physiology is forming researchers mainly in two areas of high social impact, such as the Cardiovascular Pharmacology and the Neuropsicopharmacology.

In fact, diseases like hypertension, atherosclerosis, or metabolic alterations, such as diabetes mellitus, are the main cause for cardiovascular events, which present a huge health and social relevance. Despite the drugs available to date to prevent and treat these pathologies, the amount of hospital admissions, clinical consequences, and deaths are still very high, suggesting that the therapeutic approaches should require significant improvements in the next years. The aim is to collaborate in resolving this huge health problem by training researchers dedicated to the knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of cardiovascular disease, to the pharmacological strategies designed to prevent/treat these alterations, as well as in the development and analysis of new drugs with cardiovascular activity.

On the other hand, the clinical expansion in the last decades of the new neural and psychiatric drugs has deeply changed the treatment of very relevant diseases, such as epilepsy, Parkinson, neuropathies, pain, and surgery (local and general anaesthetics. This pharmacological revolution includes schizophrenia, unipolar and bipolar depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Moreover, there is a lot for investigate in diseases of huge social and health impact, like Alzheimer and vascular dementias, stroke, or the brain hereditary and metabolic diseases, particularly in a markedly aged population.

In this context, the Programme is clearly justified to fulfil the need for training of future professionals of drug-related research. These researchers will need to understand pathophysiological mechanisms, to identify therapeutic targets, participating in the future development of new drugs focussed to the prevention and treatment of diseases with high healthy and social relevance, which prevalence will be increased during the next years. Therefore, there is a demand for the professionals that can be formed by this Programme. Furthermore, this demand will by likely enhanced in the next future by the requirements from pharmaceutical companies and public and private centres for drug research and development.

This Programme of Doctorates is integrated in the strategy for I+D+I of the UAM, as indicated in the web page of Campus de Excelencia Internacional (CEI) UAM+CSIC. Among the strategic objectives of the project are the the reinforcement for excellence in research, as well as the improvement in the quality and teaching innovation and the internationalization of Doctorate studies in several strategic areas, such as Biomedicine.

Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Calle del Arzobispo Morcillo 4. 28029 Madrid. Tel. +34 91 497 54 86  Fax. 91 497 53 53. Email. informacion.medicina@uam.es